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May - June, 1958
Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 7, 8 2
ANSWERED ON SABBATH OBSERVANCE
have read Pastor N's book," writes another Truth-seeker, "and as a
result I have become confused about Sabbath-keeping in Australia, and do not
know how to deal with the proposed
DATE LINE IN EDEN."
respect to everyone's religious beliefs, it must be recognized that Pastor N's
contention that Sunday is the true Sabbath in Australia, although Saturday in
America, is as true as to declare that the year 1952 in Australia is 1951 in
America. He so confounds knowledge
with words as to create an illusion of truth.
But an illusion, a mere mirage, is all it is. His theory that one's cruising the earth westward would lose
him a day in time, while his cruising eastward would gain him a day, logically
constrains the false conclusion the one's flying at the same rate of speed as
that at which the earth revolves on her axis, practically 1000 miles per hour,
would lose him as many days, weeks, months and years as he should keep on
flying. For at that rate of speed
he would keep up with the sun, and,
Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 7, 8 3
he should stop, he would never see the end of the day if he should start out in
the daytime, or would never see the end of the night if he should start out at
too, N's proposed location of an International date line in Eden (Palestine, or
thereabouts), instead of the natural one in the Pacific Ocean, is obviously
illogical and impracticable besides un-Biblical when one considers that in the
beginning Eden was God's center of habitation, also His workshop of creation;
and that as soon as the sun was created it first flashed its morning glory in
Eden, and at the same time cast its shadows over the Pacific Ocean.
Pastor N. takes all these facts into consideration, then, he, too, will know
that just as Eden saw the first sunrise (the beginning of the first solar
daylight--"the morning"), so the Pacific Ocean, east of Australia, saw
the first sunset (the beginning of the first solar night--"the
evening"), and that then and there ended pre-solar time, the third day, and
began solar time, the fourth day. And
that is why the solar day still begins and ends respectively in the same places.
He will then discover that this creative act of God is what established
the International Date Line in the Pacific Ocean, and will then know why men,
inspired with Divine thought and reason, recognized it to be there.
When all these natural causes are taken into account, then it is seen
that the first Sab-
Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 7, 8 4
the seventh day, began in Eden (Jerusalem) as the sun there sank out of sight
about ten hours after the third sunset occurred at the Date Line in the Pacific
the fact that N's Eden date line would have to pass through densely inhabited
areas, whereas God's date line in the Pacific passes through no habitation at
all, is another good and sufficient evidence that the date line in the Pacific
is God's created date line. The
difference which an Eden (Palestine) date line would make is this: Momentarily
Pastor N could step aside from where Saturday commences and could spend a day on
the side where Sunday begins. Thus
his Eden date line would enable him entirely to avoid Saturday Sabbath-keeping,
and would thus easily afford him a day's fun, or a day's work, on the side of
the line where Sunday would be, while his wife and children at home, only across
the street, on the side where Saturday would be, keep Saturday Sabbath.
And so by his way of reasoning, he could, while in Australia, keep Sunday
sabbath with the rest of the world, and expect credit for keeping Saturday
Sabbath! A wonderful scheme indeed! Think, though, of the results: on one side
of Eden's date-line street, the people would be dancing, hammering, chiseling,
and bargaining, while on the other side of the street the people would be
keeping Sabbath, praying, and preaching! What a Babel that would be!
Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 7, 8 5
see that sharp minds, destitute of the Spirit of Truth, can devise sharp schemes
but likewise Spiritless. But thanks
be to God, they are not able to put over all schemes they launch.
Marvelous indeed that Pastor N discovered the Palestine or Eden date
line, and neither Christ, the Creator, nor His holy prophets ever knew a thing
about it! O, the wonderful
spiritless wisdom of Spiritless men!
N's computation may, depending on the speed at which he travels, lose him a day
or days if he goes westward, or gain him a day or days if he goes eastward
whereas God's week and His Sabbath are invariably constant, never losing or
gaining, regardless what direction one travels.
simple to see that in cruising the earth either westward or eastward we either
lose or gain time on the timepiece, not because of the Date line, nor because of
time itself, but simply because of our going either in the opposite direction
from which the earth revolves--westward--or in our going in the direction in
which the earth revolves--eastward.
comparison may bring this fact clearer. Picture
your climbing a hill of sand over which, for every yard you move upward, your
feet slide back an inch, your efforts thus resulting in your losing one yard in
every 36 yards of climbing. Actually
therefore you would be walking 37 yards but moving up only 36 yards.
Whereas, in going downhill, your feet would,
Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 7, 8 6
contrary, slide ahead an inch for every yard you walked, your efforts thus
resulting in your gaining one yard in every 35 yards or 36 yards for only 35
So it is
that in cruising westward, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific, you would
have to set back your timepiece four times (4 hours) in order to keep the same
time as do the people where you would find yourself.
And in cruising eastward from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic, you
would have to push ahead your timepiece four times (4 hours).
suppose again that you reside where the evening star stands (let it be
stationary for our purpose here) directly overhead at the time the sun goes
down--at 6:00 P.M. One day you set
out upon a voyage, starting at 6:00 P.M., and cruising westward at the rate of
1000 miles a day. Accordingly, the
day after you leave home, the earth brings you around again directly under the
evening star, but one hour later--at 7:00 P.M.
And since the time in that locality is 6:00 P.M., you move your timepiece
back an hour--back to 6:00. Each
day for twenty-four days you repeat the performance, until at the end of the
24th day you finally arrive home again. By
that time you have set back your timepiece 24 times, an hour each time. Shall we now say you have lost a day on the 24,000 mile trip?
Certainly not. You have lost
nothing, not even a minute, and you have lived precisely as long as if you had
been home, and no longer.
Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 7, 8 7
how," it may be asked, "could one on the Sabbath sail westward from
the western (American) side to the eastern side to the eastern (Asiatic) side
without ending his Sabbath-keeping as soon as he crossed the date-line and there
run into Sunday, perhaps only an hour after he began to keep Sabbath?
Would he be justified in Keeping only a part of the Sabbath?"
suppose that not only one but all the passengers, including the crew, are
Sabbath-keepers. In that event all
of them would certainly heed the Commandment and cease from labor by anchoring
right where Sabbath overtook them. From
this Biblically correct principle of Sabbath-keeping, follows the logic that
when, beyond all control of his, a voyaging Sabbath-keeper sails over the date
line on the Sabbath, he will still continue to keep holy the full hours of It,
just the same as if the ship had anchored right where the Sabbath overtook it.
Then, when the holy hours are passed, where the Sabbath overtook him, he
will proceed to keep time according to the day and hour of the land in which he
these considerations translate themselves into absolute proof that the Sabbath
necessarily begins on Friday at sunset, but about eight hours earlier in
Australia then in Jerusalem. The
simple, never-changing Truth is that God requires us to keep holy the seventh
day of the week, the Sabbath, whenever and wherever the sun brings It to us, and
Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 7, 8 8
emphatically commands us to keep It holy from "even to even." Lev.
turn our attention to another Sabbath theory and ism, concerning which another
Truth-seeker writes: "A brochure entitled The Bible Sabbath in God's
Perfect Plan of Redemption contends that the Sabbath is governed by the lunar
month, not by an independent weekly cycle.
Please give me your answer from the Bible.
that the seventh-day Sabbath is governed by a lunar calendar, instead of by the
independent weekly cycle,
all Christendom, with the exception of some Saturday keepers, keep a heathen day
of the Sun. But the Saturday
keepers also keep, and honor a day of heathen origin--the day of Saturn....
12:1, 2: 'And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first
month [moon] of the year to you.' The
moon was made to measure the months. Compare
1 Samuel 20, verses 5, 18, 24, 27, 34. And also to mark the seasons
Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 7, 8 9
1:14 and Psa. 104:19). The moon and
the sun and the stars is God's calendar in the firmament that all men can see
and mark God's times together with the earth....
Sabbath of the Bible, therefore, is the Sabbath upon which the Passover comes
every year. The Lord has purposely
placed the Passover celebration upon the second Sabbath of the first Moon (Abib),
every year, for a reminder of the Sabbath every year (Ex. 20:8).
It is the second Sabbath of the first month, by reason of the Passover
being upon the fourteenth of that month, which is the first full moon after the
Vernal equinox when spring begins."--The Bible Sabbath in God's Perfect
Plan of Redemption, pp. 9, 13, 16.
exponents of the aforequoted Sabbath reckoning
SPIRIT OF TRUTH GIVES THE REPLY:
preceding quoted paragraphs, the well-intentioned but grossly misinformed author
is attempting to overthrow the seventh-day Sabbath by ignoring the original
weekly cycle, God's septenary cycle of creation, and by setting up in its place
a moon-controlled septenary cycle of his own devising, so as to make the
Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 7, 8 10
fourteenth, the twenty-first, and the twenty-eighth days of each lunar month
commemorative Sabbaths of the week of creation.
true that the names of the months and the days of the week are of mythological
origin, but the cycle of the week, as we shall see, is from time immemorial.
True, the Lord said to Moses, "This month shall be unto you the
beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you." Ex.
12:2. But He did not say, It shall
also be the beginning of weeks to you. Thus
the question, "How readest thou?" sharply confronts the lunar-Sabbath
author for answer. Plainly, God
could not have said, "this moon shall be the beginning of weeks to
you," for such a course would be, as we shall see, contrary to Nature,
Scripture, and Logic.
intended the moon to fix the time of the holy Sabbath, He would have made it
complete its revolution around the earth once either in exactly four weeks or in
exactly one week. But since the
moon does not do so, it cannot be taken as the Divine regulator of the weekly
holy Sabbath day. Moreover, Sabbath
begins at "even," whereas the new moon may appear at any hour of day
following paragraphs briefly bring forth solar, lunar, and Biblical facts, not
implications, that the weekly cycle never has been and never can be controlled
by any lunar or solar calendar, and that the church under God's
Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 7, 8 11
has never either in the Old or in the New Testament kept a lunar Sabbath.
Sabbath which the Lord hallowed was celebrated on exactly the seventh day after
the creation of the earth began, not on the seventh day after the creation of
the moon began (Gen. 2:2). So the
weekly cycle which God set in motion, and the Sabbath which He Himself
celebrated, were not measured by the revolutions of the moon, but by the
revolutions of the earth. Had the
Lord blessed and observed a Sabbath that is governed by the moon, then the
Sabbath hours could not have fallen on the seventh day from the beginning of
creation, but rather must have fallen within the tenth day, for the moon was not
created and set in motion until after the fourth day of creation.
(See Genesis 1:14-19). Since
the week was not then governed by the moon, it certainly cannot be governed by
it now and still be the week of creation.
creation week was three days older than both the sun and the moon, the fact
conclusively follows, therefore, that neither of these heavenly luminaries could
have ever regulated the week of creation. Moreover,
such a solar-lunar regulatory force would, except it be in cycles of tens,
deprive Time and Creation of the first three days, leaving them as a phantom
were we to standardize the seventh, the fourteenth, the twenty-first, and
Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 7, 8 12
twenty-eighth days of the lunar month, for the observance of the Sabbath, as the
booklet advocates, we could not keep up with the moon anyway, for the lunar
month is not actually four weeks (28 days) long, but approximately twenty-nine
and a half days.
these significant facts completely invalidate the idea of the weeks being
dependent upon the monthly orbit of the moon, and should therefore render
unnecessary any further discussion of the subject.
But since the lunar-sabbath author claims that history supports his
contention, we shall therefore quote the following three paragraphs:
use of the week was introduced into the Roman Empire about the 1st or 2nd
century of the Christian era from Egypt, and had been recognized independently
of Christianity before the Emperor Constantine confirmed it by enjoining the
observance of the Christian Sabbath. With
the Mohammedans the week has also a religious character, Friday being observed
by them as a Sabbath."--Twentieth Century Cyclopaedia, Vol. 8, pg. 487.
period of seven days...was used by the Brahmins in India with the same
denominations employed by us, and was alike found in the calendars of the Jews,
Egyptians, Arabs and Assyrians."--Standard Dictionary, def-inition
week is a period of seven days, having
Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 7, 8 13
reference whatever to the celestial motions,--a circumstance to which it owes
its unalterable uniformity. It was
employed from time immemorial in almost all eastern countries; and, as it forms
neither an aliquot part of the year nor of the lunar month, those who reject the
Mosaic recital will be at a loss, as Dalambre remarks, to assign it to an origin
having such semblance of possibility."--Encyclopedia Britannica.
history's testimony. Plainly, it no
more supports the lunar-sabbath author's claims than do logic and Scripture.
On the contrary, it reveals that the present Roman week is the same as
the ancient Jewish and Christian week, that it has been and still is the world's
week "from time immemorial"--from creation.
The week, moreover, ex-plains Encyclopedia Brittanica, "is a period
of seven days having no reference whatsoever to the celestial motions."
Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 7, 8 14
N O T E
S N O T E S
Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 7, 8 15